The main differences are that:
- Pavane is a sad sorrowful piece of music compared to Galliard which is happy and upbeat.
- Galliard has even phrasing unlike Pavane.
- Pavane is a slow piece compared to the more lively fast Galliard.
- Falling tonic to dominant motif at the beginning of Pavane in the top part which represents grief in Elizabethan music.
- Instruments used. Holbourne doesn't specify which instruments to be played because in the Renaissance period, music was composed for all instruments or instruments that were lying around the home at the time.
- Two pieces being printed together. Printing music in the Elizabethan period was still a new concept. For this reason, to save paper when handwriting the music out, the two pieces of music would be on the same piece of paper.
- Hemiola in Galliard at bar 14-16. The triple pulse changes to a duple pulse creating syncopation. This was a common characteristic of triple time dances written in the late Renaissance/early Baroque period.