The Classical period was a relatively short period of time being from 1750-1820. There are many key features of the Classical period which are outlined in the article The Classical Music Period - Key Features. However, below are points which make clear how Septet in E flat is a Classical piece of music. Feel free to skip to the parts most relevant to you.
Septet in E♭ as a Classical Piece of Music
- It uses the typical instrumentation from the Classical period being the standard orchestra. There is an emphasise on the strings.
- Classical pieces usually have a homophonic texture (or melody dominated homophony) with Septet does.
- There is the use of periodic phrasing (8 bars followed by 8 bars).
- The dynamics are developed with use of terrace dynamics, crescendos, pauses, rits, sf, pp: the dynamics have expanded.
- The piano has replaced the harpsichord.
- There is the use of extended structures being Sonata form. (Exposition, Development and Recapitulation).
- It was written in 1799 which was in the Classical time period.
- There is the use of perfect cadences.
- The music gradually becomes more dramatic.
- There is the use of diminished and 7th chords: the music is also becoming more chromatic.
- The music is graceful and balanced.
- There is the use of a functional harmony: the chords do what you expect.
- There is the use of primary chords being I, IV and V as well as secondary chords ii and vi.
- It has the use of new instrumental genres.